Learn to Code - Starting guide to learn coding for beginners
Learn coding/ programming for beginners with online coding courses picked by our editors, an in-depth analysis of the top online courses available for free.
Coding for beginners can be a really scary thing. Diving head first into software or web development without learning how to program or having any programming basics is like jumping into a pool without knowing how to swim. It just ends up being a frustrating and solitary experience. But, it can also be incredibly rewarding, which is why you should start programming today!
The reality is: coding is the future. If you just want to change careers (especially if you just got retrenched and are now looking for a new job!), or if you just want to earn more money, learning to code can get you there. Wondering what coding is like for total beginners? What does programming even *mean*? That’s exactly what we’ll be covering in this article:
Think of all your favourite apps - whether it’s Facebook, Instagram or even Tinder (we don’t judge!) – they're all made with code. Coding is what makes it possible for all these apps, as well as computer softwares and websites, to exist.
Humans communicate with one another using languages. To communicate with a computer, you have to use a program or “language” which the computer understands. After all, programming is how humans talk to machines!
It is one thing to know how to use technology, but another thing entirely to understand the logic behind them. As such, the skill of knowing how to write code has become as vital as reading, writing and math in the modern world!Programming is now considered a basic literacy, and it’s one thing we cannot continue to overlook anymore.
I’m sure you’re wondering - can anyone really learn how to code? Technically, yes. I mean, even Victoria’s Secret supermodel Karlie Kloss can code!
On a more serious note, though, we’ve had people with no background in programming or computer science (a whopping 70%!) at NEXT Academy. That had no effect on their ability to pick up coding, as 97% of all our students graduated and fit the industry standard to be a world-class junior developer in just 9 weeks. However, learning to code (and being good at it) is something that requires a fair bit of commitment. Especially if you intend to really understand what you’re doing and hope to (eventually!) build something with your new-found skills.
Dave McFarland of Treehouse says that even if you don’t want to become a programmer for a living, it’s still worth your time to learn how to program. If computers are a part of your life, learning to program is going to improve it. This is because you’ll be able to speak the same language as the computer, which will help you think of ways to create anything from simple scripts to comprehensive apps to make your own lives easier!
It is in our vested interest to say yes, but the exciting future prospects that come with having advanced programming knowledge would mean nothing if it is something you do not like. So, how do you know if coding is for you? Simply put: belum cuba, belum tahu (if you don’t try, you’ll never know!).Founder of Outgrow.me, Sam Fellig puts it simply: "Just start. Somewhere. Anywhere!"...which brings us to our next point!
Perhaps you’ve always been intrigued by coding, or have always wanted to learn how to build software yourself. Luckily, the world wide web is full of websites which will let you dip your toes into programming to find out if it’s something for you.
But, we also know that you wouldn’t want to spend money on something you might not end up liking. So, instead of merely compiling all the available online courses, we’ve taken the extra steps to evaluate and to provide our personalised point of view on our top picks.
Below are the top 6 resources that we find most useful (and more importantly) FREE online resources where you can pick up some basic programming knowledge:
The premise: “Anybody can learn.”
Commitment level: Low
Plus points:- Instructional videos by famous people like Mark Zuckerberg and Bill Gates- Cute graphics featuring Angry Birds! - Learn to code in “blocks”
What we think: With a tagline that basically confirms that anybody can learn to code, Code.org is famous for being backed by a laundry list of celebrities like Chris Bosh, will.i.am, President Barack Obama and of course tech giants like Facebook and Microsoft. The cute graphics are a huge plus because it’s easier for beginners to grasp the concepts being taught. Also, the Hour of Code concept is neat because it only takes up 1/24 of your day. In other words, you won’t be “wasting” too much of your time on this if you end up not liking it at all.
The premise: “Programming courses for kids”
Commitment level: Low
Plus points:- Story-based puzzles are fun and engaging- Learn to code in “blocks”
What we think: We know what you’re thinking - this website (and companion iPad app!) is for kids! Yes, yes it is. But when you’re a beginner, you should think of yourself as a “kid” in the programming world. Tynker for Home (the free version) has language extensions, built-in physics engine, character editors and other cool tools, which make it super fun and easy to unleash your creativity in creating “games” or completing the projects provided.
With a heavy focus on visual-based coding and code games, it is easy to try out one or two of the available options for size, and great for people who are visual learners. And because it’s made for a younger age group, you can be sure that it is also made to cater to shorter attention spans, too (which translates to: you won’t be spending too much time completing this). However, just like Code.org, Tynker doesn’t technically teach you how to program right off the bat. Nonetheless, it is great to form logical thought processes in order to help you think like a coder, which, again, is a vital first step.
The premise: “You only have to know one thing. You can learn anything.”
Commitment level: Medium to High (if you intend to complete all the exercises under a topic)
Plus points: - Getting the exercises right wins you points and badges, and a cute character will congratulate you! - Video walk-throughs - Really simple, easy-to-understand explanations
What we think:Khan Academy is famed for their “Explain Like I’m 5” methods which breaks down even the most complicated concepts into something that a five-year-old might understand. This is absolutely perfect for someone who’s just starting out in learning to code. You start off by choosing a course, after which you’ll be shown a list of tasks you’ll have to complete in order to “graduate”. So, you’ll have a rough idea of what you’ll be picking up throughout the course. If you see something more interesting further along in the tutorial, you can also easily jump forward to it. And just like every other Khan Academy tutorial, the courses are guided along by a series of simple yet incredibly helpful video walk-throughs. This option is great for someone who is more visual (who will appreciate the videos) and even someone who is more competitive.Why do we say that? Well, once you finish a project, you can save it on the site as a “spin-off”, and anyone else who attempts the course can build on your existing code.
The premise: “Learn to Code.”
Commitment level: Low to High (if you intend to complete all the exercises under your chosen language/ track)
Plus points: - Very clean, easy-to-use interface.- All challenges are taught by “in-line” coding, with a console at the side to see exactly how the code works or how it outputs.- Progress bar can be a motivation to keep coding
The premise: “Free online courses from the world’s best universities”
Commitment level: Medium to high (most courses requires a number of hours per week over a set number of weeks)
Plus points: - the prestige that you’re “taking courses” from the world’s top universities like University of California, Berkeley, Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology- Wide range of courses available
What we think: Fair warning: you’re technically getting an education from some of the world’s top universities. And they’re not messing around.Complete with lectures, breakout sections, walkthroughs, homework, quizzes, etc, it’ll really start to feel like you’re taking a college level course. But, the platform is available to anybody with an internet connection, and there are no prerequisites or admissions processes. It’ll be a challenge, but you’ll be spoilt for choice on EdX - there’s almost everything between html tutorials and app development. While there are quite a number of courses which are self-paced, there are some which require you to commit on a weekly basis for a certain number of hours. So, in all seriousness, expect to commit some of your time on a daily basis if you intend to complete the courses, because the workload will make you feel like you're back at school again, and if you're still in school, then you'll feel right at home. Try out EdX if you’re looking for something with a more academic spin to it, and have full intention of learning programming through a college-like experience.
See also: Coursera, which is similar to EdX
The premise: “Learn to code and help non-profits.”
Commitment level: Low to medium (it’s entirely self-paced)
Plus points:- Cool “camp-like” concept with waypoints (lessons) and bonfires (basic to advanced challenges)- Hundreds of hours of coding lessons available.- Supportive community
So, now that you know some programming basics and roughly how to code, think about what you want to do with this knowledge. If you intend on taking things one step further (or, as “get serious” with programming *wink), here are a few options you can consider.
Each of these options has its edges and disadvantages, which its suitability is depending on your needs and what would you like to achieve learning to code.An online coding course is a great way to keep yourself disciplined enough to keep brushing up your programming skills at a slower pace. The bonus is that you’d be able to do this wherever you are, and at whatever time is convenient for you. However, if you are someone lacks discipline, most like you wouldn't thrive in online courses which require tremendous amount of self-discipline. Researchers found that the completion rate of online courses were as low as 7%.If your goal is to get a job, build your own tech product or even to freelance as a developer, then perhaps coding bootcamp and a college degree is the way to go.One of the greatest plus points of both of these options were hands-on experience that you will gain as well as a dedicated team of lecturers or mentors.Both these options give you the opportunity to do more than just learn to code! You’ll get to network for an extended period of time with your “classmates”, who could potentially be your future startup cofounders, programmers or even investors!
Self-promo time: To learn more about our mentor guided, hands-on approach to learning coding, check out our coding bootcamps at NEXT Academy, where you can enroll for a 10-week, crash course on coding which teaches you everything you need to know so you can go from total beginner to a world-class junior software developer (and get a job as well).